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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 28, 2019
 
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from                  to                    .
 
Commission File No. 0-121
KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Pennsylvania
23-1498399
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)
(IRS Employer
 
Identification No.)
 
23A Serangoon North Avenue 5, #01-01 K&S Corporate Headquarters, Singapore 554369
(Address of principal executive offices and Zip Code)
(215) 784-6000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code) 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, Without Par Value
KLIC
The Nasdaq Global Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, and emerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
 
 
 
 
 
 



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No  

As of January 27, 2020, there were 63,824,365 shares of the Registrant's Common Stock, no par value, outstanding.



KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
 
FORM 10 – Q
 
December 28, 2019
 Index
 
 
 
Page Number
 
 
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
Item 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets as of December 28, 2019 and September 28, 2019
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations for the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018
 
 
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
 
 
 
Item 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
 
Item 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
 
 
Item 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
Item 1A.
RISK FACTORS
 
 
 
Item 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
 
 
Item 6.
EXHIBITS
 
 
 
 
SIGNATURES





PART I. - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
As of
 
December 28, 2019
 
September 28, 2019
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
497,374

 
$
364,184

Short-term investments
119,000

 
229,000

Accounts and other receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $614 and $597, respectively
198,842

 
195,830

Inventories, net
95,209

 
89,308

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
16,182

 
15,429

     Total current assets
926,607

 
893,751

Property, plant and equipment, net
56,826

 
72,370

Operating right-of-use assets
20,830

 

Goodwill
55,995

 
55,691

Intangible assets, net
41,728

 
42,651

Deferred tax assets
6,549

 
6,409

Equity investments
7,477

 
6,250

Other assets
2,070

 
2,494

     TOTAL ASSETS
$
1,118,082

 
$
1,079,616

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Short term debt
$
75,967

 
$
60,904

Accounts payable
44,903

 
36,711

Operating lease liabilities
5,427

 

Income tax payable
13,384

 
12,494

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
62,522

 
64,533

     Total current liabilities
202,203

 
174,642

Financing obligation

 
14,207

Deferred tax liabilities
33,169

 
32,054

Income tax payable
80,415

 
80,290

Operating lease liabilities
17,205

 

Other liabilities
9,437

 
9,360

     TOTAL LIABILITIES
$
342,429

 
$
310,553

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 15)


 


 
 
 
 
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, without par value: Authorized 5,000 shares; issued - none
$

 
$

Common stock, no par value: Authorized 200,000 shares; issued 85,364 and 85,364, respectively; outstanding 63,758 and 63,172 shares, respectively
529,487

 
533,590

Treasury stock, at cost, 21,606 and 22,192 shares, respectively
(346,869
)
 
(349,212
)
Retained earnings
599,682

 
594,625

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(6,647
)
 
(9,940
)
     TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
$
775,653

 
$
769,063

     TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
$
1,118,082

 
$
1,079,616

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements.


1


KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
Three months ended
 
 
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018
Net revenue
 
$
144,297

 
$
157,208

Cost of sales
 
73,933

 
82,409

Gross profit
 
70,364

 
74,799

Selling, general and administrative
 
28,658

 
30,441

Research and development
 
28,292

 
29,803

Operating expenses
 
56,950

 
60,244

Income from operations
 
13,414

 
14,555

Interest income
 
2,839

 
3,826

Interest expense
 
(583
)
 
(251
)
Income before income taxes
 
15,670

 
18,130

Provision for income taxes
 
2,133

 
10,570

Share of results of equity-method investee, net of tax
 
60

 
43

Net income
 
$
13,477

 
$
7,517

 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
0.21

 
$
0.11

Diluted
 
$
0.21

 
$
0.11

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
63,557

 
67,176

Diluted
 
64,139

 
67,851

 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements.
 


2


KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
Three months ended
 
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018
Net income
$
13,477

 
$
7,517

Other comprehensive income/(loss):
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
2,514

 
(979
)
Unrecognized actuarial (loss)/gain on pension plan, net of tax
(25
)
 
4

 
2,489

 
(975
)
 
 
 
 
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
Unrealized gain/(loss) on derivative instruments, net of tax
607

 
(72
)
Reclassification adjustment for loss on derivative instruments recognized, net of tax
197

 
865

Net increase from derivatives designated as hedging instruments, net of tax
804

 
793

 
 
 
 
Total other comprehensive gain/(loss)
3,293

 
(182
)
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
$
16,770

 
$
7,335

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements.













3


KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY (Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
 Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
Retained earnings
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive loss
 
Shareholders' Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Balances as of September 28, 2019
63,173

 
$
533,590

 
$
(349,212
)
 
$
594,625

 
$
(9,940
)
 
$
769,063

Issuance of stock for services rendered
9

 

 
222

 

 

 
222

Repurchase of common stock
(224
)
 

 
(5,369
)
 

 

 
(5,369
)
Issuance of shares for equity-based compensation
800

 
(7,490
)
 
7,490

 

 

 

Equity-based compensation

 
3,387

 

 

 

 
3,387

Cumulative effect of accounting changes

 

 

 
(769
)
 

 
(769
)
Cash dividend declared

 

 

 
(7,651
)
 

 
(7,651
)
Components of comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Net income

 

 

 
13,477

 

 
13,477

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
3,293

 
3,293

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 
13,477

 
3,293

 
16,770

Balances as of December 28, 2019
63,758

 
$
529,487

 
$
(346,869
)
 
$
599,682

 
$
(6,647
)
 
$
775,653



 
 Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
Retained earnings
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive income
 
Shareholders' Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Balances as of September 29, 2018
67,143

 
$
519,244

 
$
(248,664
)
 
$
613,529

 
$
(3,902
)
 
$
880,207

Issuance of stock for services rendered
8

 
195

 

 

 

 
195

Repurchase of common stock
(1,233
)
 

 
(25,485
)
 

 

 
(25,485
)
Issuance of shares for equity-based compensation
642

 

 

 

 

 

Equity-based compensation

 
3,678

 

 

 

 
3,678

Cumulative effect of accounting changes

 

 

 
534

 

 
534

Cash dividend declared

 

 

 
(8,055
)
 

 
(8,055
)
Components of comprehensive income/(loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income

 

 

 
7,517

 

 
7,517

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(182
)
 
(182
)
Total comprehensive income/(loss)

 

 

 
7,517

 
(182
)
 
7,335

Balances as of December 29, 2018
66,560

 
$
523,117

 
$
(274,149
)
 
$
613,525

 
$
(4,084
)
 
$
858,409


 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements.



4


KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
Three months ended
 
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 

 
 

Net income
$
13,477

 
$
7,517

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
4,759

 
4,769

Equity-based compensation and employee benefits
3,609

 
3,873

Adjustment for doubtful accounts
17

 
(369
)
Adjustment for inventory valuation
1,060

 
189

Deferred taxes
966

 
(648
)
Gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment

 
24

Unrealized foreign currency translation
1,471

 
(33
)
Share of results of equity-method investee
60

 
43

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts and other receivable
(2,961
)
 
56,497

Inventory
(6,974
)
 
5,401

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(746
)
 
855

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities
7,987

 
(32,943
)
Income tax payable
1,016

 
9,883

Other, net
1,287

 
943

Net cash provided by operating activities
25,028

 
56,001

 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 

 
 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(2,225
)
 
(3,273
)
Purchase of equity investments
(1,288
)
 

Purchase of short-term investments
(20,000
)
 
(231,000
)
Maturity of short-term investments
130,000

 
169,000

Net cash provided by /(used in) investing activities
106,487

 
(65,273
)
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 

 
 

Payment on debts

 
(183
)
Payment for finance lease
(10
)
 

Repurchase of common stock
(5,319
)
 
(25,676
)
Common stock cash dividends paid
(7,582
)
 
(8,057
)
Proceeds from short term debt
15,063

 

Net cash provided by/(used in) financing activities
2,152

 
(33,916
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(477
)
 
(18
)
Changes in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
133,190

 
(43,206
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
364,184

 
321,148

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
497,374

 
$
277,942

 
 
 
 
CASH PAID FOR:
 

 
 

Interest
$
5

 
$
251

Income taxes, net of refunds
$
206

 
$
790

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements. 


5

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited



NOTE 1: BASIS OF PRESENTATION
These consolidated condensed financial statements include the accounts of Kulicke and Soffa Industries, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”), with appropriate elimination of intercompany balances and transactions.
The interim consolidated condensed financial statements are unaudited and, in management's opinion, include all adjustments (consisting only of normal and recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of results for these interim periods. The interim consolidated condensed financial statements do not include all of the information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 28, 2019, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which includes Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 28, 2019 and September 29, 2018, and the related Consolidated Statements of Operations, Statements of Other Comprehensive Income, Changes in Shareholders' Equity and Cash Flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended September 28, 2019. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for any other interim period or for a full year.
Fiscal Year    
Each of the Company's first three fiscal quarters end on the Saturday that is 13 weeks after the end of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter. The fourth quarter of each fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to September 30. Fiscal 2020 quarters end on December 28, 2019, March 28, 2020, June 27, 2020 and October 3, 2020. In fiscal years consisting of 53 weeks, the fourth quarter will consist of 14 weeks. Fiscal 2019 quarters ended on December 29, 2018, March 30, 2019, June 29, 2019 and September 28, 2019.
Nature of Business
The Company designs, manufactures and sells capital equipment and tools as well as services, maintains, repairs and upgrades equipment, all used to assemble semiconductor devices. The Company's operating results depend upon the capital and operating expenditures of semiconductor device manufacturers, integrated device manufacturers, outsourced semiconductor assembly and test providers (“OSATs”), and other electronics manufacturers including automotive electronics suppliers, worldwide which, in turn, depend on the current and anticipated market demand for semiconductors and products utilizing semiconductors. The semiconductor industry is highly volatile and experiences downturns and slowdowns which can have a severe negative effect on the semiconductor industry's demand for semiconductor capital equipment, including assembly equipment manufactured and sold by the Company and, to a lesser extent, tools, including those sold by the Company. These downturns and slowdowns have in the past adversely affected the Company's operating results. The Company believes such volatility will continue to characterize the industry and the Company's operations in the future.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated condensed financial statements requires management to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, net revenue and expenses during the reporting periods, and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated condensed financial statements. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates estimates, including but not limited to, those related to accounts receivable, reserves for excess and obsolete inventory, carrying value and lives of fixed assets, goodwill and intangible assets, the valuation estimates and assessment of impairment and observable price adjustments, income taxes, equity-based compensation expense, and warranties. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be reasonable. As a result, management makes judgments regarding the carrying values of the Company's assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Authoritative pronouncements, historical experience and assumptions also are used as the basis for making estimates, and on an ongoing basis, management evaluates these estimates. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
Vulnerability to Certain Concentrations
Financial instruments which may subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk as of December 28, 2019 and September 28, 2019 consisted primarily of trade receivables. The Company manages credit risk associated with investments by investing its excess cash in highly rated debt instruments of the U.S. government and its agencies, financial institutions, and corporations. The Company has established investment guidelines relative to diversification and maturities designed to maintain safety and liquidity. These guidelines are periodically reviewed and modified as appropriate. The Company does not have any exposure to sub-prime financial instruments or auction rate securities.


6

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


The Company's trade receivables result primarily from the sale of semiconductor equipment, related accessories and replacement parts, and tools to a relatively small number of large manufacturers in a highly concentrated industry. Write-offs of uncollectible accounts have historically not been significant. The Company actively monitors its customers' financial strength to reduce the risk of loss.
The Company's products are complex and require raw materials, components and subassemblies having a high degree of reliability, accuracy and performance. The Company relies on subcontractors to manufacture many of these components and subassemblies and it relies on sole source suppliers for some important components and raw material inventory.
Foreign Currency Translation and Remeasurement
The majority of the Company's business is transacted in U.S. dollars; however, the functional currencies of some of the Company's subsidiaries are their local currencies. In accordance with ASC No. 830, Foreign Currency Matters (“ASC 830”), for a subsidiary of the Company that has a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar, gains and losses resulting from the translation of the functional currency into U.S. dollars for financial statement presentation are not included in determining net income, but are accumulated in the cumulative translation adjustment account as a separate component of shareholders' equity (accumulated other comprehensive income / (loss)). Under ASC 830, cumulative translation adjustments are not adjusted for income taxes as they relate to indefinite investments in non-U.S. subsidiaries. Gains and losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in the determination of net income.
The Company's operations are exposed to changes in foreign currency exchange rates due to transactions denominated in currencies other than the location's functional currency. The Company is also exposed to foreign currency fluctuations that impact the remeasurement of net monetary assets of those operations whose functional currency, the U.S. dollar, differs from their respective local currencies, most notably in Israel, Singapore and Switzerland. In addition to net monetary remeasurement, the Company has exposures related to the translation of subsidiary financial statements from their functional currency, the local currency, into its reporting currency, the U.S. dollar, most notably in the Netherlands, China, Taiwan, Japan and Germany. The Company's U.S. operations also have foreign currency exposure due to net monetary assets denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar.
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company’s primary objective for holding derivative financial instruments is to manage the fluctuation in foreign exchange rates and accordingly is not speculative in nature. The Company’s international operations are exposed to changes in foreign exchange rates as described above. The Company has established a program to monitor the forecasted transaction currency risk to protect against foreign exchange rate volatility. Generally, the Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts in these hedging programs. These instruments, which have maturities of up to twelve months, are recorded at fair value and are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets, or accrued expenses and other current liabilities.
Our accounting policy for derivative financial instruments is based on whether they meet the criteria for designation as a cash flow hedge. A designated hedge with exposure to variability in the functional currency equivalent of the future foreign currency cash flows of a forecasted transaction is referred to as a cash flow hedge. The criteria for designating a derivative as a cash flow hedge include the assessment of the instrument’s effectiveness in risk reduction, matching of the derivative instrument to its underlying transaction, and the assessment of the probability that the underlying transaction will occur. For derivatives with cash flow hedge accounting designation, we report the after-tax gain / (loss) from the effective portion of the hedge as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income / (loss) and reclassify it into earnings in the same period in which the hedged transaction affects earnings and in the same line item on the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations as the impact of the hedged transaction. Derivatives that we designate as cash flow hedges are classified in the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Cash Flows in the same section as the underlying item, primarily within cash flows from operating activities.
The hedge effectiveness of these derivative instruments is evaluated by comparing the cumulative change in the fair value of the hedge contract with the cumulative change in the fair value of the forecasted cash flows of the hedged item.
If a cash flow hedge is discontinued because it is no longer probable that the original hedged transaction will occur as previously anticipated, the cumulative unrealized gain or loss on the related derivative is reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income / (loss) into earnings. Subsequent gain / (loss) on the related derivative instrument is recognized into earnings in each period until the instrument matures, is terminated, is re-designated as a qualified cash flow hedge, or is sold. Ineffective portions of cash flow hedges, as well as amounts excluded from the assessment of effectiveness, are recognized in earnings.


7

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are measured at fair value based on level one measurement, or quoted market prices, as defined by ASC No. 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.
Equity Investments
The Company invests in equity securities in companies to promote business and strategic objectives. Equity investments are measured and recorded as follows:
Equity method investments are equity securities in investees that provide the Company with the ability to exercise significant influence in which it lacks a controlling financial interest. Our proportionate share of the income or loss is recognized on a one-quarter lag and is recorded as share of results of equity-method investee, net of tax.
Non-marketable equity securities are equity securities without readily determinable fair value that are measured and recorded using a measurement alternative that measures the securities at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from qualifying observable price changes.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from its customers' failure to make required payments. If the financial condition of the Company's customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required. If global or regional economic conditions deteriorate or political conditions were to change in some of the countries where the Company does business, it could have a significant impact on the results of operations, and the Company's ability to realize the full value of its accounts receivable.
Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (on a first-in first-out basis) or net realizable value. The Company generally provides reserves for obsolete inventory and for inventory considered to be in excess of demand. Demand is generally defined as 18 months forecasted future consumption for equipment, 24 months forecasted future consumption for spare parts, and 12 months forecasted future consumption for tools. Forecasted consumption is based upon internal projections, historical sales volumes, customer order activity and a review of consumable inventory levels at customers' facilities. The Company communicates forecasts of its future consumption to its suppliers and adjusts commitments to those suppliers accordingly. If required, the Company reserves the difference between the carrying value of its inventory and the lower of cost or net realizable value, based upon projections about future consumption, and market conditions. If actual market conditions are less favorable than projections, additional inventory reserves may be required.
Inventory reserve provision for certain subsidiaries is determined based on management's estimate of future consumption for equipment and spare parts. This estimate is based on historical sales volumes, internal projections and market developments and trends.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost. The cost of additions and those improvements which increase the capacity or lengthen the useful lives of assets are capitalized, while repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation and amortization are provided on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives as follows: buildings 25 years; machinery, equipment, furniture and fittings 3 to 10 years; toolings 1 year; and leasehold improvements are based on the shorter of the life of lease or life of asset. Purchased computer software costs related to business and financial systems are amortized over a five-year period on a straight-line basis. Land is not depreciated.
Valuation of Long-Lived Assets
In accordance with ASC No. 360, Property, Plant & Equipment ("ASC 360"), the Company's property, plant and equipment is tested for impairment based on undiscounted cash flows when triggering events occur, and if impaired, written-down to fair value based on either discounted cash flows or appraised values. ASC 360 also provides a single accounting model for long-lived assets to be disposed of by sale and establishes additional criteria that would have to be met to classify an asset as held for sale. The carrying amount of an asset or asset group is not recoverable to the extent it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the asset or asset group. Estimates of future cash flows used to test the recoverability of a long-lived asset or asset group must incorporate the entity's own assumptions about its use of the asset or asset group and must factor in all available evidence.


8

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


ASC 360 requires that long-lived assets be tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be recoverable. Such events include significant under-performance relative to historical internal forecasts or projected future operating results; significant changes in the manner of use of the assets; significant negative industry or economic trends; or significant changes in market capitalization. During the three months ended December 28, 2019, no "triggering" events occurred.
Accounting for Impairment of Goodwill
ASC No. 350, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other ("ASC 350") requires goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite lives to be reviewed for impairment annually, or more frequently if circumstances indicate a possible impairment. We assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value. If, after assessing the qualitative factors, a company determines that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, then performing the impairment test is unnecessary. However, if a company concludes otherwise, then it is required to perform the goodwill impairment test. Following the Company's early adoption of ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment in the third quarter of fiscal 2017, the requirement to perform a hypothetical purchase price allocation to measure goodwill impairment (i.e. step 2 of the goodwill impairment test) was eliminated. Accordingly, the Company's impairment test is performed by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value.
As part of the annual evaluation, the Company performs an impairment test of its goodwill in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year to coincide with the completion of its annual forecasting and refreshing of its business outlook processes. On an ongoing basis, the Company monitors if a “triggering” event has occurred that may have the effect of reducing the fair value of a reporting unit below its respective carrying value. Adverse changes in expected operating results and/or unfavorable changes in other economic factors used to estimate fair values could result in a non-cash impairment charge in the future.
Impairment assessments inherently involve judgment as to the assumptions made about the expected future cash flows and the impact of market conditions on those assumptions. Future events and changing market conditions may impact the assumptions as to prices, costs, growth rates or other factors that may result in changes in the estimates of future cash flows. Although the Company believes the assumptions that it has used in testing for impairment are reasonable, significant changes in any one of the assumptions could produce a significantly different result. Indicators of potential impairment may lead the Company to perform interim goodwill impairment assessments, including significant and unforeseen customer losses, a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate, a significant adverse action or assessment by a regulator, a significant stock price decline or unanticipated competition.
For further information on goodwill and other intangible assets, see Note 3 below.
Revenue Recognition
In accordance with ASC No. 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, the Company recognizes revenue when we satisfy performance obligations as evidenced by the transfer of control of our products or services to customers. In general, the Company generates revenue from product sales, either directly to customers or to distributors. In determining whether a contract exists, we evaluate the terms of the agreement, the relationship with the customer or distributor and their ability to pay.
The Company recognizes revenue from sales of our products, including sales to our distributors, at a point in time, generally upon shipment or delivery to the customer or distributor, depending upon the terms of the sales order. Control is considered transferred when title and risk of loss pass, when the customer becomes obligated to pay and, where applicable, when the customer has accepted the products or upon expiration of the acceptance period. For sales to distributors, payment is due on our standard commercial terms and is not contingent upon resale of the products.
Our business is subject to contingencies related to customer orders, including:
Right of Return: A large portion of our revenue comes from the sale of equipment used in the semiconductor assembly process. Other product sales relate to consumable products, which are sold in high-volume quantities, and are generally maintained at low stock levels at customer's facility. Customer returns have historically represented a very small percentage of customer sales on an annual basis.
Warranties: Our equipment is generally shipped with a one-year warranty against manufacturing defects. We establish reserves for estimated warranty expense when revenue for the related equipment is recognized. The reserve for estimated warranty expense is based upon historical experience and management's estimate of future expenses, including product parts replacement, freight charges and labor costs expected to be incurred to correct product failures during the warranty period.


9

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


Conditions of Acceptance: Sales of our consumable products generally do not have customer acceptance terms. In certain cases, sales of our equipment have customer acceptance clauses which may require the equipment to perform in accordance with customer specifications or when installed at the customer's facility. In such cases, if the terms of acceptance are satisfied at our facility prior to shipment, the revenue for the equipment will be recognized upon shipment. If the terms of acceptance are satisfied at our customers' facilities, the revenue for the equipment will not be recognized until acceptance, which is typically obtained after installation and testing, is received from the customer.
Service revenue is generally recognized over time as the services are performed. For the three months ended December 28, 2019, and December 29, 2018, the service revenue is not material.
The Company measures revenue based on the amount of consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for products or services. Any variable consideration such as sales incentives are recognized as a reduction of net revenue at the time of revenue recognition.
The length of time between invoicing and payment is not significant under our payment terms. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, we have determined our contracts generally do not include a significant financing component.
Shipping and handling costs billed to customers are recognized in net revenue. Shipping and handling costs paid by the Company are included in cost of sales.
Research and Development
The Company charges research and development costs associated with the development of new products to expense when incurred. In certain circumstances, pre-production machines that the Company intends to sell are carried as inventory until sold.
Income Taxes
In accordance with ASC No. 740, Income Taxes, deferred income taxes are determined using the balance sheet method. The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce its deferred tax assets to the amount expected, on a more likely than not basis, to be realized. While the Company has considered future taxable income and ongoing tax planning strategies in assessing the need for the valuation allowance, if it were to determine that it would be able to realize its deferred tax assets in the future in excess of its net recorded amount, an adjustment to deferred tax assets would increase income in the period when such determination is made. Likewise, should the Company determine it would not be able to realize all or part of its deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to deferred tax assets would decrease income in the period when such determination is made.

The Company determines the amount of unrecognized tax benefit with respect to uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be
taken on its income tax returns in accordance with ASC No. 740 Topic 10, Income Taxes, General (“ASC 740.10”). Under ASC 740.10, the Company utilizes a two-step approach for evaluating uncertain tax positions. Step one, or recognition, requires a company to determine if the weight of available evidence indicates a tax position is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination solely based on its technical merit. Step two, or measurement, is based on the largest amount of benefit, which is more likely than not to be realized on settlement with the taxing authority, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any.
Equity-Based Compensation
The Company accounts for equity-based compensation under the provisions of ASC No. 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 requires the recognition of the fair value of the equity-based compensation in net income. Compensation expense associated with Relative TSR Performance Share Units is determined using a Monte-Carlo valuation model, and compensation expense associated with time-based and Special/Growth Performance Share Units is determined based on the number of shares granted and the fair value on the date of grant. See Note 10 for a summary of the terms of these performance-based awards. The fair value of the Company's stock option awards is estimated using a Black-Scholes option valuation model. The fair value of equity-based awards is amortized over the vesting period of the award and the Company elected to use the straight-line method for awards granted after the adoption of ASC 718.
Earnings per Share
Earnings per share (“EPS”) are calculated in accordance with ASC No. 260, Earnings per Share. Basic EPS include only the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS include the weighted average number of common shares and the dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock awards, performance share units and restricted share units outstanding during the period, when such instruments are dilutive.


10

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


Accounting for Business Acquisitions
The Company accounts for business acquisitions in accordance with ASC No. 805, Business Combinations. The fair value of the net assets acquired and the results of operations of the acquired businesses are included in the Unaudited Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements from the acquisition date forward. The Company is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and results of operations during the reporting period. Estimates are used in accounting for, among other things, the fair value of acquired net operating assets, property, plant and equipment, deferred revenue, intangible assets and related deferred tax balances, useful lives of property, plant and equipment, and amortizable lives of acquired intangible assets. Any excess of the purchase consideration over the identified fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired is recognized as goodwill. The valuation of these tangible and identifiable intangible assets and liabilities is subject to further management review and may change materially between the preliminary allocation and end of the purchase price allocation period.
Restructuring charges
Restructuring charges may consist of voluntary or involuntary severance-related charges, asset-related charges and other costs due to exit activities. We recognize voluntary termination benefits when an employee accepts the offered benefit arrangement. We recognize involuntary severance-related charges depending on whether the termination benefits are provided under an ongoing benefit arrangement or under a one-time benefit arrangement. If the former, we recognize the charges once they are probable and the amounts are estimable. If the latter, we recognize the charges once the benefits have been communicated to employees.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Leases
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under current GAAP.
Subsequently in July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements, provides additional information concerning the new leases standard in ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The targeted improvements provide entities with additional and optional transition methods.
In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-20, Leases (Topic 842): Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors. This ASU provides guidance in several areas, including the accounting policy election for sales taxes and other similar taxes collected from lessees, accounting for certain lessor costs and accounting for variable payments for contracts with lease and nonlease components.
We adopted these ASUs utilizing the modified retrospective transition method through a cumulative-effect adjustment at the beginning of the first quarter of fiscal 2020. In addition, we elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance that allowed us to apply prior conclusions related to lease definition, classification and initial direct costs. Additionally, the lease previously identified as build-to-suit leasing arrangement under legacy lease accounting (ASC 840), was derecognized pursuant to the transition guidance provided for build-to-suit leases in ASC 842 (see Note 9 below). Accordingly, the lease has been reassessed as an operating lease as of the adoption date under ASC 842, and is included on the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet. The adoption of these ASUs has resulted in an increase of approximately $23.8 million in operating lease liabilities and $22.2 million in right-of-use assets, decrease of approximately $14.5 million in financing obligation, decrease of approximately $15.3 million in property, plant and equipment, and an adjustment of $0.8 million to retained earnings after income tax effects on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet.
Financial Instruments
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This ASU replaces the impairment methodology in current GAAP, which delays recognition of credit losses until it is probable a loss has been incurred, with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. This ASU will be effective for us beginning in our first quarter of fiscal 2021. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this ASU on our consolidated condensed financial statements.
Derivatives and Hedging
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities (Topic 815). The new guidance expands and refines hedge accounting for both financial and non-financial risks. The new guidance also modifies disclosure requirements for hedging activities. We adopted this ASU as of the beginning of the first quarter of 2020. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated condensed financial statements.


11

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


Collaborative Arrangements
In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-18, Collaborative Arrangements (Topic 808). This ASU clarifies that certain transactions between collaborative arrangement participants should be accounted for as revenue when the collaborative arrangement participant is a customer in the context of a unit of account and precludes recognizing as revenue consideration received from a collaborative arrangement participant if the participant is not a customer. This ASU will be effective for us in the first quarter of 2021 with early adoption permitted. This ASU requires retrospective adoption to the date we adopted ASC 606 by recognizing a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings of the earliest annual period presented. We are currently evaluating the timing and the effects of the adoption of this ASU on our consolidated condensed financial statements.
Income Taxes
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which allows for a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA”) and requires entities to provide certain disclosures regarding these stranded tax effects, if any. We adopted this ASU in the first quarter of 2020. The adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated condensed financial statements.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740). The amendments in this ASU simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and clarify and amend existing guidance. This ASU will be effective for us in the first quarter of 2022 with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the timing and the effects of the adoption of this ASU on our consolidated condensed financial statements.


12

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


NOTE 2: BALANCE SHEET COMPONENTS
The following tables reflect the components of significant balance sheet accounts as of December 28, 2019 and September 28, 2019:
 
As of
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
September 28, 2019
 
 
 
 
Short term investments, available-for-sale(1)
$
119,000

 
$
229,000

 
 
 
 
Inventories, net:
 

 
 

Raw materials and supplies
$
51,651

 
$
52,853

Work in process
37,481

 
32,026

Finished goods
36,122

 
33,742

 
125,254

 
118,621

Inventory reserves
(30,045
)
 
(29,313
)
 
$
95,209

 
$
89,308

Property, plant and equipment, net:
 

 
 

Land
$
2,182

 
$
2,182

Buildings and building improvements
22,282

 
41,961

Leasehold improvements
24,542

 
24,441

Data processing equipment and software
36,626

 
36,302

Machinery, equipment, furniture and fixtures
73,018

 
71,465

Construction in progress
6,769

 
6,512

 
165,419

 
182,863

Accumulated depreciation
(108,593
)
 
(110,493
)
 
$
56,826

 
$
72,370

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accrued customer obligations (2)
$
26,484

 
$
26,292

Wages and benefits
18,473

 
18,188

Dividend payable
7,651

 
7,582

Commissions and professional fees
2,432

 
2,024

Deferred rent

 
1,721

Severance
1,205

 
1,500

Other
6,277

 
7,226

 
$
62,522

 
$
64,533

(1)
All short-term investments were classified as available-for-sale and were measured at fair value based on level one measurement, or quoted market prices, as defined by ASC 820. The Company did not recognize any realized gains or losses on the sale of investments during the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018.
(2)
Represents customer advance payments, customer credit program, accrued warranty expense and accrued retrofit obligations.

NOTE 3: GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
Intangible assets classified as goodwill are not amortized. The goodwill established in connection with our acquisitions represents the estimated future economic benefits arising from the assets we acquired that did not qualify to be identified and recognized individually. The goodwill also includes the value of expected future cash flows of the acquisitions, expected synergies with our


13

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


other affiliates and other unidentifiable intangible assets. The Company performs an annual impairment test of its goodwill during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year, which coincides with the completion of its annual forecasting and refreshing of business outlook process.
The Company performed its annual impairment test in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019 and concluded that no impairment charge was required. Any future adverse changes in expected operating results and/or unfavorable changes in other economic factors used to estimate fair values could result in a noncash impairment in the future.
During the three months ended December 28, 2019, the Company reviewed qualitative factors to ascertain if a "triggering" event may have taken place that may have the effect of reducing the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying value and concluded that no triggering event had occurred.
The following table summarizes the Company's recorded goodwill by reporting segments as of December 28, 2019 and September 28, 2019:
 
As of
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
September 28, 2019
Capital Equipment
$
29,640

 
$
29,480

APS
26,355

 
26,211

Total goodwill
$
55,995

 
$
55,691


 
 
 
 
 
Intangible Assets
Intangible assets with determinable lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives. The Company's intangible assets consist primarily of developed technology, customer relationships and trade and brand names.
The following table reflects net intangible assets as of December 28, 2019 and September 28, 2019
 
As of
 
Average estimated
(dollar amounts in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
September 28, 2019
 
useful lives (in years)
Developed technology
$
88,368

 
$
87,209

 
7.0 to 15.0
Accumulated amortization
(50,117
)
 
(48,718
)
 
 
Net developed technology
$
38,251

 
$
38,491

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships
$
35,521

 
$
35,180

 
5.0 to 6.0
Accumulated amortization
(32,808
)
 
(31,862
)
 
 
Net customer relationships
$
2,713

 
$
3,318

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade and brand names
$
7,274

 
$
7,219

 
7.0 to 8.0
Accumulated amortization
(6,510
)
 
(6,377
)
 
 
Net trade and brand names
$
764

 
$
842

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other intangible assets
$
2,500

 
$
2,500

 
1.9
Accumulated amortization
(2,500
)
 
(2,500
)
 
 
Net other intangible assets
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net intangible assets
$
41,728

 
$
42,651

 
 



14

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


The following table reflects estimated annual amortization expense related to intangible assets as of December 28, 2019:
 
As of
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
Remaining fiscal 2020
$
5,513

Fiscal 2021
5,324

Fiscal 2022
4,362

Fiscal 2023
4,267

Fiscal 2024
4,267

Thereafter
17,995

Total amortization expense
$
41,728

 

NOTE 4: CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND SHORT-TERM INVESTMENTS
Cash equivalents consist of instruments with remaining maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase. In general, these investments are free of trading restrictions.
Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments consisted of the following as of December 28, 2019:
(in thousands)
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
$
246,438

 
$

 
$

 
$
246,438

Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds (1)
141,929

 

 

 
141,929

Time deposits (2)
109,007

 

 

 
109,007

Total cash and cash equivalents
$
497,374

 
$

 
$

 
$
497,374

Short-term investments (2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Time deposits
20,000

 

 

 
20,000

Deposits (3)
99,000

 

 

 
99,000

Total short-term investments
$
119,000

 
$

 
$

 
$
119,000

Total cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments
$
616,374

 
$

 
$

 
$
616,374

(1)
The fair value was determined using unadjusted prices in active, accessible markets for identical assets, and as such they were classified as Level 1 assets in the fair value hierarchy.
(2)
Fair value approximates cost basis.
(3)
Represents deposits that require a notice period of three months for withdrawal.


15

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments consisted of the following as of September 28, 2019:
(in thousands)
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
$
201,005

 
$

 
$

 
$
201,005

Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds (1)
163,172

 

 

 
163,172

Time deposits (2)
7

 

 

 
7

Total cash and cash equivalents
$
364,184

 
$

 
$

 
$
364,184

Short-term investments (2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Time deposits
130,000

 

 

 
130,000

Deposits (3)
99,000

 

 

 
99,000

Total short-term investments
$
229,000

 
$

 
$

 
$
229,000

Total cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments
$
593,184

 
$

 
$

 
$
593,184


(1)
The fair value was determined using unadjusted prices in active, accessible markets for identical assets, and as such they were classified as Level 1 assets in the fair value hierarchy.
(2)
Fair value approximates cost basis.
(3)
Represents deposits that require a notice period of three months for withdrawal.

NOTE 5: EQUITY INVESTMENTS
Equity investments consisted of the following as of December 28, 2019 and September 28, 2019:
 
As of
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
September 28, 2019
Non-marketable equity securities(1)
$
6,288

 
$
5,000

Equity method investments
1,189

 
1,250

Total
$
7,477

 
$
6,250


(1)
On January 30, 2019, the Company made a $5.0 million investment in one of our collaborative partners, over which the Company does not have significant influence. During the three months ended December 28, 2019, there was no impairment or adjustment to the observable price.

NOTE 6: FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Accounting standards establish three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value: quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (referred to as Level 1), inputs other than Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability either directly or indirectly (referred to as Level 2) and unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of fair value of assets or liabilities (referred to as Level 3).
Assets and Liabilities Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis 
We measure certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis. There were no transfers between fair value measurement levels during the three months ended December 28, 2019.
Fair Value Measurements on a Nonrecurring Basis
Our non-financial assets such as intangible assets and property, plant and equipment are carried at cost unless impairment is deemed to have occurred. Our equity method investments are recorded at fair value only if an impairment is recognized.


16

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Amounts reported as accounts receivables, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate fair value.

NOTE 7: DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The Company’s international operations are exposed to changes in foreign exchange rates due to transactions denominated in currencies other than U.S. dollars. Most of the Company’s revenue and cost of materials are transacted in U.S. dollars. However, a significant amount of the Company’s operating expenses is denominated in local currencies, primarily in Singapore.
The foreign currency exposure of our operating expenses is generally hedged with foreign exchange forward contracts. The Company’s foreign exchange risk management programs include using foreign exchange forward contracts with cash flow hedge accounting designation to hedge exposures to the variability in the U.S. dollar equivalent of forecasted non-U.S. dollar-denominated operating expenses. These instruments generally mature within twelve months. For these derivatives, we report the after-tax gain or loss from the effective portion of the hedge as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), and we reclassify it into earnings in the same period or periods in which the hedged transaction affects earnings and in the same line item on the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations as the impact of the hedged transaction.
The fair value of derivative instruments on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet as of December 28, 2019 and September 28, 2019 was as follows:
 
As of
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
September 28, 2019
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value Asset Derivatives(1)
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value (Liability) Derivatives(2)
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts (3)
$
29,928

 
$
208

 
$
33,834

 
$
(597
)
Total derivatives
$
29,928

 
$
208

 
$
33,834

 
$
(597
)
(1)
The fair value of derivative assets is measured using level 2 fair value inputs and is included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet.
(2)
The fair value of derivative liabilities is measured using level 2 fair value inputs and is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet.
(3)
Hedged amounts expected to be recognized to income within the next twelve months.

The effects of derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges in our Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018 are as follows:
(in thousands)
Three months ended
 
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018
Foreign exchange forward contract in cash flow hedging relationships:
 
 
 
Net gain/(loss) recognized in OCI, net of tax(1)
$
607

 
$
(72
)
Net (loss) reclassified from accumulated OCI into income, net of tax(2)
$
(197
)
 
$
(865
)
(1)
Net change in the fair value of the effective portion classified in other comprehensive income (“OCI”).
(2)
Effective portion classified as selling, general and administrative expense.

NOTE 8: LEASES
We have entered into various non-cancellable operating and finance lease agreements for certain of our offices, manufacturing, technology, sales support and service centers, equipment, and vehicles. We determine if an arrangement is a lease, or contains a lease, at inception and record the leases in our financial statements upon lease commencement, which is the date when the underlying asset is made available for use by the lessor. Our lease terms may include one or more options to extend the lease terms, for periods from one year to 20 years, when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. As of December 28, 2019, no options were recognized as right-of-use ("ROU") assets or lease liabilities. We have lease agreements with lease and non-lease components,


17

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


and non-lease components are accounted for separately and not included in our leased assets and corresponding liabilities. We have elected not to present short-term leases on the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet as these leases have a lease term of 12 months or less at lease inception.
Operating leases are included in operating ROU assets, current operating lease liabilities and non current operating lease liabilities, and finance leases are in included in property, plant and equipment, accrued expenses and other current liabilities, and other liabilities on the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet. As of December 28, 2019, our finance leases are not material.
The following table shows the various components of lease expense:
 
Three months ended
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
Operating lease expense  (1)
$
1,757


(1) Operating lease expense includes short-term lease expense, which is immaterial for the three month ended December 28, 2019.

The following table shows the cash flows arising from lease transactions. Cash payments related to short-term leases are not included in the measurement of operating and finance lease liabilities, and, as such, are excluded from the amounts below:

 
As of
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
 Operating cash outflows from operating leases
$
1,757



The following table shows the weighted-average lease terms and discount rates for operating leases:
 
As of
 
 
December 28, 2019
 
Operating leases:
 
 
Weighted-average remaining lease term:
5.0

years
Weighted-average discount rate:
4.8
%
 


Future lease payments, excluding short-term leases, as of December 28, 2019, are detailed as follows:
(in thousands)
Operating leases
Remainder of 2020
$
5,048

2021
5,265

2022
4,750

2023
4,639

2024
2,278

Thereafter
3,662

Total minimum lease payments
25,642

Less: Interest
3,010

Present value of lease obligations
22,632

Less: Current portion
5,427

Long-term portion of lease obligations
$
17,205




18

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


Future lease payments under operating leases prior to adoption ASC 842 were as follows:
 
 

 
Payments due by fiscal year
(in thousands)
Total
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
2023
 
2024
 
Thereafter
Operating lease obligations (1)
$
16,273

 
$
4,089

 
$
2,576

 
$
2,182

 
$
1,967

 
$
1,822

 
$
3,637


(1) Pursuant to ASC No. 840, Leases ("ASC 840"), for lessee's involvement in asset construction, the Company was considered to be the owner of the Building (as defined in Note 9 below) during the construction phase due to its involvement in the asset construction. As a result of the Company's continued involvement during the lease term, the Company did not fulfill the criteria to apply sale-leaseback accounting under ASC 840. Therefore, at completion of construction, the Building remained on the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet, and the corresponding financing obligation was reclassified to long-term liability. As of September 28, 2019, we recorded a financing obligation related to the Building of $15.0 million (see Note 9 below). The financing obligation is not reflected in the table above.

NOTE 9: DEBT AND OTHER OBLIGATIONS
Financing Obligation
On December 1, 2013, Kulicke & Soffa Pte Ltd. (“Pte”), the Company's wholly owned subsidiary, signed a lease with DBS Trustee Limited as trustee of Mapletree Industrial Trust (the “Landlord”) to lease from the Landlord approximately 198,000 square feet, representing approximately 70% of a building in Singapore as our corporate headquarters, as well as a manufacturing, technology, sales and service center (the “Building”). The lease has a 10-year non-cancellable term (the "Initial Term") and contains options to renew for 2 further 10-year terms. The annual rent and service charge for the Initial Term range from $4 million to $5 million Singapore dollars.
Pursuant to legacy ASC No. 840, Leases ("ASC 840"), we have classified the Building (build-to-suit leasing arrangement) on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet as property, plant and equipment, which we are depreciating over its estimated useful life of 25 years. We concluded that the term of the financing obligation is 10 years. This is equal to the non-cancellable term of our lease agreement with the Landlord. At the inception of the lease, the asset and financing obligation recorded on the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet was $20.0 million, which was based on an interest rate of 6.3% over the Initial Term. As of September 28, 2019, the financing obligation related to the Building is $15.0 million, which approximates fair value (Level 2). The financing obligation will be settled through a combination of periodic cash rental payments and the return of the leased property at the expiration of the lease. We do not report rent expense for the property, which is deemed owned for accounting purposes. Rather, rental payments required under the lease are considered debt service and applied to the deemed landlord financing obligation and interest expense. The Building and financing obligation are being amortized in a manner that will not generate a gain or loss upon lease termination.
The build-to-suit leasing arrangement was derecognized pursuant to the transition guidance provided in ASC 842, which is effective beginning with the first quarter of 2020. Accordingly, the lease has been reassessed as an operating lease as of the adoption date under ASC 842, and is included on the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet. The adoption has resulted in a decrease of approximately $14.5 million in financing obligation, decrease of approximately $15.3 million in property, plant and equipment, and an adjustment of $0.8 million to retained earnings after income tax effects on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet.
Bank Guarantees
On November 22, 2013, the Company obtained a $5.0 million credit facility with Citibank in connection with the issuance of bank guarantees for operational purposes. As of December 28, 2019, the outstanding amount is $3.3 million.
Credit Facilities
On February 15, 2019, the Company entered into a Facility Letter and Overdraft Agreement (collectively, the “Facility Agreements”) with MUFG Bank, Ltd., Singapore Branch (the “Bank”). The Facility Agreements provide the Company with an overdraft facility of up to $150.0 million (the “Overdraft Facility”) for general corporate purposes. Amounts outstanding under the Overdraft Facility, including interest, are payable upon thirty days written demand by the Bank. Interest on the Overdraft Facility is calculated on a daily basis, and the applicable interest rate is calculated at the overnight U.S. Dollar LIBOR rate plus a margin of 1.5% per annum. The Overdraft Facility is an unsecured facility per the terms of the Facility Agreements. The Facility Agreements contain customary non-financial covenants, including, without limitation, covenants that restrict the Company’s ability to sell or dispose of its assets, cease owning at least 51% of one of its subsidiaries (the "Subsidiary"), or encumber its assets with material security interests (including any pledge of monies in the Subsidiary’s cash deposit account with the Bank). The Facility Agreements also contain


19

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


typical events of default, including, without limitation, non-payment of financial obligations when due, cross defaults to other material indebtedness of the Company or any breach of a representation or warranty under the Facility Agreements. As of December 28, 2019, the outstanding amount under the Facility Agreements is $76.0 million.

NOTE 10: SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
Common Stock and 401(k) Retirement Plan
The Company has a 401(k) retirement plan (the “Plan”) for eligible U.S. employees. The Plan allows for employee contributions and matching Company contributions from 4% to 6% based upon terms and conditions of the 401(k) Plan.
The following table reflects the Company’s contributions to the Plan during the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018:
 
Three months ended
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018
Cash
$
357

 
$
494


Stock Repurchase Program
On August 15, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a program (the "Program") to repurchase up to $100 million of the Company’s common stock on or before August 1, 2020. On July 10, 2018, the Board of Directors increased the share repurchase authorization under the Program to $200 million. On January 31, 2019, the Board of Directors further increased the share repurchase under the Program to $300 million. The Company has entered into a written trading plan under Rule 10b5-1 of the Exchange Act to facilitate repurchases under the Program. The Program may be suspended or discontinued at any time and is funded using the Company's available cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. Under the Program, shares may be repurchased through open market and/or privately negotiated transactions at prices deemed appropriate by management. The timing and amount of repurchase transactions under the Program depend on market conditions as well as corporate and regulatory considerations. During the three months ended December 28, 2019, the Company repurchased a total of 0.2 million shares of common stock under the Program at a cost of $5.4 million. The stock repurchases were recorded in the periods they were delivered and accounted for as treasury stock in the Company's Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet. The Company records treasury stock purchases under the cost method using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. Upon reissuance of treasury stock, amounts in excess of the acquisition cost are credited to additional paid-in capital. If the Company reissues treasury stock at an amount below its acquisition cost and additional paid-in capital associated with prior treasury stock transactions is insufficient to cover the difference between acquisition cost and the reissue price, this difference is recorded against retained earnings. As of December 28, 2019, our remaining stock repurchase authorization under the Program was approximately $91.8 million.
Dividends
On December 12, 2019, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.12 per share of common stock. Dividends paid during the three months ended December 28, 2019 totaled $7.6 million. The declaration of any future cash dividend is at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on the Company's financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, business conditions and other factors, as well as a determination that such dividends are in the best interests of the Company's stockholders.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
The following table reflects accumulated other comprehensive loss reflected on the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets as of December 28, 2019 and September 28, 2019
 
As of
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
September 28, 2019
Loss from foreign currency translation adjustments
$
(5,232
)
 
$
(7,745
)
Unrecognized actuarial loss on pension plan, net of tax
(1,623
)
 
(1,598
)
Unrealized gain/(loss) on hedging
208

 
(597
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
$
(6,647
)
 
$
(9,940
)



20

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


Equity-Based Compensation
The Company has stockholder-approved equity-based employee compensation plans (the “Employee Plans”) and director compensation plans (the “Director Plans”) (collectively, the “Equity Plans”). As of December 28, 2019, 3.4 million shares of common stock are available for grant to its employees and directors under the 2017 Equity Plan, including previously registered shares that have been carried forward for issuance from the 2009 Equity Plan.
Relative TSR Performance Share Units ("Relative TSR PSUs") entitle the employee to receive common shares of the Company on the award vesting date, if market performance objectives that measure relative total shareholder return (“TSR”) are attained. Relative TSR is calculated based upon the 90-calendar day average price of the Company's stock as compared to specific peer companies that comprise the GICS (45301020) Semiconductor Index. TSR is measured for the Company and each peer company over a performance period, which is generally three years. Vesting percentages range from 0% to 200% of awards granted. The provisions of the Relative TSR PSUs are reflected in the grant date fair value of the award; therefore, compensation expense is recognized regardless of whether the market condition is ultimately satisfied. Compensation expense is reversed if the award is forfeited prior to the vesting date.
In general, stock options and Time-based Restricted Share Units ("Time-based RSUs") awarded to employees vest annually over a three-year period provided the employee remains employed by the Company. The Company follows the non-substantive vesting method for stock options and recognizes compensation expense immediately for awards granted to retirement eligible employees, or over the period from the grant date to the date retirement eligibility is achieved.
Special/Growth Performance Share Units (“Special/Growth PSUs”) entitle the employee to receive common shares of the Company on the three-year anniversary of the grant date (if employed by the Company) if revenue growth targets set by the Management Development and Compensation Committee (“MDCC”) of the Board of Directors on the date of grant are met. If revenue growth targets are not met, the Special/Growth PSUs do not vest. Certain Special/Growth PSUs vest based on achievement of strategic goals over a certain time period or periods set by the MDCC. If the strategic goals are not achieved, the Special/Growth PSUs do not vest.
Equity-based compensation expense recognized in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations for the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018 was based upon awards ultimately expected to vest, with forfeitures accounted for when they occur.
The following table reflects Time-based RSUs, Relative TSR PSUs, Special/Growth PSUs and common stock granted during the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018:
 
Three months ended
(shares in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018
Time-based RSUs
475

 
507

Relative TSR PSUs
157

 
157

Special/Growth PSUs
73

 
52

Common stock
9

 
8

Equity-based compensation in shares
714

 
724


The following table reflects total equity-based compensation expense, which includes Time-based RSUs, Relative TSR PSUs, Special/Growth PSUs and common stock, included in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations during the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018
 
Three months ended
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018
Cost of sales
$
232

 
$
150

Selling, general and administrative
2,735

 
2,925

Research and development
642

 
798

Total equity-based compensation expense
$
3,609

 
$
3,873


The following table reflects equity-based compensation expense, by type of award, for the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018:  


21

KULICKE AND SOFFA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited (continued)


 
Three months ended
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018
Time-based RSUs
$
2,415

 
$
2,141

Relative TSR PSUs
406

 
1,375

Special/Growth PSUs
566

 
162

Common stock
222

 
195

Total equity-based compensation expense
$
3,609

 
$
3,873



NOTE 11: REVENUE AND CONTRACT LIABILITIES
The Company recognizes revenue when we satisfy performance obligations as evidenced by the transfer of control of our products or services to customers. In general, the Company generates revenue from product sales, either directly to customers or to distributors. In determining whether a contract exists, we evaluate the terms of the agreement, the relationship with the customer or distributor and their ability to pay. Service revenue is generally recognized over time as the services are performed. For the three months ended December 28, 2019, and December 29, 2018, the service revenue is not material. Please refer to Note 1: Basis of Presentation- Revenue Recognition, for disclosure on the Company's revenue recognition.
The Company disaggregates revenue based on our reportable segments. The Company believes that disaggregating revenue into these categories achieves the disclosure objective to depict how the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. Please refer to Note 14: Segment information, for disclosure of disaggregated revenue.
Contract Liabilities
Our contract liabilities are primarily related to advance payments received from customers to secure product in future periods where we have received amounts in advance of satisfying performance obligations and are reported in the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets within accrued expenses and other current liabilities.
Contract liabilities increase as a result of receiving new advance payments from customers and decrease as revenue is recognized from customers purchasing product under advance payment arrangements upon meeting the performance obligations.
The following table shows the changes in contract liability balances during the three months ended December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018:
 
Three months ended
(in thousands)
December 28, 2019
 
December 29, 2018

Contract liabilities, beginning of period
$
1,896

 
$
997

Revenue recognized
(3,358
)
 
(3,178
)
Additions
4,050

 
2,729